Francesc de Castellvi vs Narcis Vinyoles
Francesc de Castellví i de Vic (also known as Franci or Francisco de Castellví y Vic) was a poet, aristocrat, and politician from Valencia, Spain. He died on September 6, 1506. He was the baron and lord of Benimuslem Mulata and served as an advisor at the court of King Ferdinand II of Aragon.
He is one of the authors of Scachs d'amor or Chess of Love, a poem based on a chess game and written in Valencian. In the poem, he (as Mars) took the White (red) pieces and checkmated Narcís Vinyoles (as Venus, taking black or green). Bernat Fenollar (as Mercury) comments and sets the rules. It is the earliest reported game played under to contemporary chess rules, at least in terms of queen and bishop moves.
Narcís Vinyoles, also known as Narciso Viñoles, was a poet, lawyer, and politician from Valencia, Spain. He was appointed twice to the position of Justicia Civil, the highest court in civil issues, and in 1495, King Ferdinand II recommended him for Justicia Criminal. He married Brianda de Santángel, the niece of financier Luis de Santángel, who financed Christopher Columbus' trip.
Vinyoles was fluent in Catalan, Castilian Spanish, Latin, and Italian, even producing poems in Italian. Despite being a native Valencian/Catalan speaker, he complimented “clean, elegant, and graceful Castilian Spanish” and referred to his own original language as “a barbaric tongue”. He has been labelled “the first traitor to the Valencian country and language” as a result.
Vinyoles is one of the authors of Scachs d'amor or Chess of Love, a poem based on a chess game in which he (as Venus) took the black (green) pieces and lost to Francesc de Castellví (as Mars, playing red, i.e. white), while Bernat Fenollar (as Mercury) remarks and creates the rules.It is the earliest reported game played under to contemporary chess rules, at least in terms of queen and bishop moves.
This may be the oldest recorded game of chess